The Mohawk Council of Akwesasne passed a “By-Law Respecting Control of Dogs Amendment 18-79 in July 1979 for the control of dogs. Amendments were made to the By-Law in June 1988. In November 1996, the MCA passed the “Emergency Interim Dog Control Regulation”.

Currently, the Akwesasne Justice Department Compliance enforces these laws. The Compliance Officers respond to the complaints from the Akwesasne community based on the following conditions:

  • Stray Dogs - Loose dogs or Stray dogs are any dog(s), not under the control of its owner; this means that if your dog is loose and on another community member’s property it can be called a “stray dog” and can be taken by the Compliance Officer.
  • Aggressive Dogs - Aggressive dogs are any dogs not under the control of its owner that pose a threat to the health and safety of the general public. If your dog is loose and tends to bark and chase anyone passing by; then your dog can be said to be “Aggressive”. Aggressive dogs should be kept tied to their owner’s property to protect the general public.
  • Dog Biting Incidents - Dog Biting Incidents are when any dog not under the control of its owner, bites a person. Dog bites are any bite that breaks the skin; a bite requires that the dog be quarantined for ten days when the dog owner has no proof of the pet’s up to date Rabies vaccination. If a dog bites a person and the dog does not have an up-to-date rabies shot or the dog cannot be found, the person must undergo a series of rabies vaccinations. 


The owner of any dog that has caused property damage or injury to a person, while not under the control of its owner, shall be liable for all expenses incurred, by an source, resulting from the incident.  Where the owner of a dog does not satisfy the expenses incurred, the victim may apply to Akwesasne Mohawk Court for an Order. Anyone who does not comply with an Order pursuant to subsection 5(b) commits and offense. 



Any person found guilty of an offense under this Regulation shall be liable to a fine not exceeding $1,000 or to a term of imprisonment not exceeding 30 days, or both. In addition to any other authority under this Regulation, the Akwesasne Mohawk Court may order an offender not to own a dog for any period that it deems appropriate.

Please state what kind of dog complaint you have as well as your name, phone number and address.


Note: Compliance does not respond to cat nuisance complaints. Dog owners must be responsible for the care and destruction of pets, we will not take surrendered dogs.  If you feed the animal, the animal is considered your pet.

All questions and complaints on dog-related matters are addressed case by case. Please contact the Akwesasne Compliance Office at (613) 575-2250 ext. 2415 or 2417.




  • Repeatedly coming out of the cold into the dry heat of your home can cause itchy, flaking skin. Keep your home humidified and towel dry your pet as soon as he comes inside, paying special attention to his feet and in-between the toes. Remove any snow balls from between his foot pads.
  • Never shave your dog down to the skin in winter, as a longer coat will provide more warmth. If your dog is long-haired, simply trim him to minimize the clinging ice balls, salt crystals and de-icing chemicals that can dry his skin, and don’t neglect the hair between his toes. If your dog is short-haired, consider getting him a coat or sweater with a high collar or turtleneck with coverage from the base of the tail to the belly. For many dogs, this is regulation winter wear.
  • Bring a towel on long walks to clean off stinging, irritated paws. After each walk, wash and dry your pet’s feet and stomach to remove ice, salt and chemicals—and check for cracks in paw pads or redness between the toes.
  • Bathe your pets as little as possible during cold spells. Washing too often can remove essential oils and increase the chance of developing dry, flaky skin.
  • Like coolant, antifreeze is a lethal poison for dogs and cats. Be sure to thoroughly clean up any spills from your vehicle.
  • Pets burn extra energy by trying to stay warm in wintertime. Feeding your pet a little bit more during the cold weather months can provide much-needed calories, and making sure they have plenty of water to drink will help keep them well-hydrated and their skin less dry.
  • Make sure your companion animal has a warm place to sleep, off the floor and away from all drafts. A cozy dog or cat bed with a warm blanket or pillow is perfect.
  • Remember, if it’s too cold for you, it’s probably too cold for your pet, so keep your animals inside. If left outdoors, pets can freeze, become disoriented, lost, stolen, injured or killed. In addition, don’t leave pets alone in a car during cold weather, as cars can act as refrigerators that hold in the cold and cause animals to freeze to death.