Akwesasne Justice Department

“Equity, fairness and respectfulness.”

Mohawk Council of Akwesasne’s Justice Department is located at the Angus Mitchell Memorial Building, 15 Akwesasne St., Akwesasne, QC H0M 1A0

Phone: 613-575-2250 ext. 2400    |    Fax: 613-575-1726   |   Open: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. – Monday to Friday


The Akwesasne Justice Department employs the principle of natural justice to empower the community to safeguard collective rights, primarily, and individual rights (secondary) for Akwesasronon, while remaining respectful of the community’s heritage and culture.


Authorities, Boards, Commissions, Tribunals


A First Nation Justice System

A first in Canada, the Mohawk Council of Akwesasne designed a First Nation Justice System based on customary laws which incorporate traditional restorative principles in the three main responsibilities of government: Law-Making; Adjudication; and Enforcement.

Legislative Services

  • 34 Akwesasne Laws Registered With Akwesasne Law Registry
  • 1 Laws currently being amended
    • Akwesasne Election Law – Amendment Information Here
  • 5 Laws currently being developed:
  • 35 additional laws are needed to meet community priorities


Akwesasne Court

Judiciary: Two Justices
Prosecutor and Defense Counsel
As an inherent right court, the judiciary is overseen by the Akwesasne Review Commission to ensure judicial independence.
The Akwesasne Tekaia’torehtha:ke Kaianerenhsera (Akwesasne Court Law) sets out the principles, powers, and authorities of the court and reflects the values of the Mohawks of Akwesasne and the principles of Sken:nen (peace), Kasastensera (strength) and Kanikonri:io (a good mind), respect, fairness, and natural justice.
The Akwesasne Court Law is enacted in exercise of the inherent right of self-government of the Mohawks of Akwesasne as recognized and affirmed by the Royal Proclamation of 1763; section 35 of the Constitution Act 1982; and, by the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

  • Adjudication of Akwesasne Laws
  • Court-appointed defense services
  • Peace bond Hearings
  • Mediation Services
  • Appeals
  • Community Service


Akwesasne Community Justice Program

In 2004, a Crown Protocol agreement was established between MCA, DOJ Quebec, and MAG Ontario for diversion and community justice services.

Ministry of Children and Youth Services

Youth Justice Worker:
  • (Youth Personal Service Orders)
  • Extra-Judicial Measures (since 2012) = 84 clients
  • Extra-Judicial Services (since 2012) = 63 clients
Native Inmate Liaison Officer Program

Native programming, services, and counselling at the Ottawa Carleton Detention Centre.

  • Culturally-relevant programming
  • Sweat lodge on site
  • Smudging
  • Referral services



Akwesasne Justice Department Programs


Akwesasne Justice Department Services

  • Court Worker Services
  • Firearms Safety Course
  • Jury Duty Notices
  • Complaints on CBSA
  • Mediation Services
  • Criminal Diversions
  • Gladue Writer
  • Cultural Sensitivity Training
  • Legislative Services
  • Legal Services
  • Paralegal Services
  • Native Counselling Services









Iatathróna Raotiientáhtsera “Couples Property” Law




Acting Director: Cactus Cook Sunday
Contact Info: 613-575-2250 • Ext. 2400
Fax:  613-575-1726
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